Granite

It is known that Egyptians used solid granite to build their most famous pyramids. For example, The Red Pyramid of Egypt, the third largest Egyptian pyramid, is named for the light crimson hue of its exposed granite surfaces. The Great Pyramid of Giza contains a huge granite sarcophagus fashioned of “Red Aswan Granite.” Granite has been used not only in ancient Egypt, but also in India, where in the 11th century the world’s first temple made entirely of granite was built by Rajaraja Chola.
In some areas granite is used for gravestones and memorials. Granite is a hard stone and requires the special skill of carving by hand. Until the early 18th century, in the Western world, granite could only be carved by hand tools with generally poor results